Features of planting and caring for the good news apple tree
In the territories of Siberia, the Urals and Altai, not so long ago, the Good News apple variety, which has an excellent fruit flavor and resistance to low temperatures, began to gain popularity and spread throughout households and private orchards.
Characteristics and description of the Good News variety
A tree with a late winter ripening period grows up to 3.5 m tall on a seedling stock and up to 2 m on a semi-dwarf tree. In both cases, the crown of the plants is neat, spherical. Brownish shoots with characteristic knees have pubescence. Leaves are oblong, smooth. Fruits of universal purpose, regular round or barrel-shaped with yellow-green skin, most of which is covered with a purple blush. The texture of the pulp is dense, juicy, attractive cream color and sweet and sour taste. The average size of apples is 80-120 g, but in some cases it can reach 160-200 g.The good news begins to bear fruit in the fifth year
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- Most of the qualities of an apple tree that influence the grade assessment are characterized as positive:
- regular stable bearing;
- high taste rating;
- good storage and transportability;
- immunity to 5 scab races;
- high winter hardiness;
- good drought tolerance.
- Among the shortcomings are noted:
- insufficiently high productivity - up to 20 kg from a young tree and about 35-40 kg from an adult;
- too weak aroma;
- shredding of fruits in adverse conditions.
Preparation and direct landing
Each time, when planting apple seedlings, it is necessary to focus on the current weather conditions in this climate zone and, accordingly, adjust the general recommendations.
We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the winter varieties of apple trees:
The most suitable time for landing
In spring, the best time for landing in the northern regions begins in April, when the snow has already melted, the soil warmed up, but the sap flow has not yet begun. Autumn plantings suitable for temperate climates are carried out after the leaves fall, when 2-4 weeks remain before the onset of frost.
Important! It is not recommended to land in wet soil in rainy weather.
The standard age of the seedling for planting is 1-2 years. Annual apple trees take root better, and two-year-olds begin to bear fruit a year earlier. Sapling buds should be at rest. In plants with an open root system, before planting, inspect the roots and remove rotten, damaged, shorten too long. If the roots are dry, and the bark of the trunk or branches is wrinkled, the tree is soaked in water for 1-2 days.Immediately before planting, to improve the survival rate, the roots of the apple tree are soaked for 2 hours in a mash of water, earth and heteroauxin
Choosing a place to land
The Good News variety prefers well-lit places with protection from the northern winds. The best soil is sandy loam or loamy with a neutral reaction. The level of groundwater should not be higher than 2 m. It is undesirable to choose low places where stagnation of water is possible.
Did you know? Translated from the Celtic language, the word "paradise" means "Country of apples."
The distance for the holes is selected taking into account the type of stock. For seedling forms of seedlings, it is 4 m, and for semi-dwarf ones - up to 3 m. 1-2 weeks before the proposed landing, dig holes with a depth of at least 60 cm and a diameter of 70-100 cm. If the land on the site is too heavy, lay a drainage layer of sand, small pebbles or broken bricks at the bottom.On top of it, half the volume of the hole is covered with a mixture of equal parts of rotted manure and earth, adding 1 glass of superphosphate, 3 tbsp. Each under a tree. tablespoons of potassium sulfate, and then well watered.Before planting, the soil in the hole is loosened and a support is installed in the center with a height of 1-1.2 m for tying. The apple tree prepared for planting is placed in such a way that the peg is on the side of the prevailing winds.Watch out for the root neck. It should not be buried. 4-6 cm above ground level, after shrinkage of the soil Roots are carefully straightened in a hole, covered with earth, rammed and watered abundantly with 2-3 buckets of standing water. The surface of the earth is mulched with sawdust, humus or needles. The garter to the support is done with a soft rope or strips of fabric in two places - on top and at the base.
Video: planting apple tree seedlings
After planting, annual seedlings are cut at a height of about 70 cm, and for two-year-old ones, branches are shortened by a quarter of the length. In the first year, care for young apple trees comes down to timely watering and protection from pests.
Important! Without pruning the shoots after planting, the still weak root system is not able to “feed” the entire volume of green mass and the plant often dies.
Watering and feeding
In early spring, until warm weather sets in, one- and two-year-old seedlings are watered with warm water, then ordinary water (as for the entire garden). The soil under each tree is weekly moistened with 2 buckets of water throughout the season. If the summer is rainy, watering is less common, waiting for the soil to dry out. Top dressing in the first year after planting is not required.In the second year, watering young apple trees requires moderate. Moisturize the soil in hot summers with a long absence of rain. In this case, make sure that the water around the trunk does not stagnate, and carry out loosening of the trunk circle to ensure air access to the roots. In subsequent years, trees are watered during fruit ripening and during periods of severe drought. The Good News variety grows long roots that can extract moisture from deep layers of the soil and tolerates dry summers well.
Did you know? A hybrid of apple and tomato has been bred in the UK. Fruits in color and condition of the pulp resemble tomatoes, and grow on ordinary apple trees.
Top dressing is carried out every 2-3 years, combining them with watering. Manure or mineral fertilizers, in this case, do not spread out on the surface, but close up to a depth of about 20-25 cm around the trunk. After that, they are watered with a sprinkler for 2 hours so that gradually dissolving nutrients penetrate to the maximum depth.Do top dressing with root watering
A suitable time for pruning is early spring, until the movement of juices has begun, and the buds have not yet blossomed. But in apple trees, branches are allowed to be trimmed throughout the summer. In the northern regions, autumn pruning is not practiced, since the slices do not have time to tighten before the onset of frost. Sanitary pruning is done to remove dry, diseased or damaged branches. Anti-aging pruning involves the removal of old branches that cease to bear fruit. Places of slices of thick branches are covered with garden var.
Important! Short branches up to 40 cm long with fruit buds at the end cannot be cut off, since a crop is formed on them.
Forming pruning is carried out to give the crown the desired shape. In the Good News apple tree, it is easiest to maintain the spherical crown inherent in the variety. Internal branches are thinned out to improve illumination, increase productivity and prevent disease. Branches growing vertically or at a very sharp angle, as well as shoots forming “forks” are also subject to removal. No need for crossing branches and located below the first tier. To stimulate branching and fruiting, long branches are cut “on the kidney”.Formation and pruning of fruit trees
After the leaves have fallen, it is necessary to collect and destroy it along with weeds and padadki. In the decaying remains of vegetation, insects and pathogens are often found. Before the onset of frost, they spend the last watering of trees, loosen the soil around the trunks and mulch the surface of the trunk circle to protect the roots from freezing. For prevention, it is advisable to spray the branches with copper sulfate and whiten the trunks.After the end of sap flow during the onset of frost, additional protection is prepared for the apple trees. In young seedlings, the trunks are wrapped with sacking, paper or other suitable material and secured with twine or tape. If available, you can use the spruce, which surround the trunk and also fix. Tree trunks are sheltered to a height of at least 1-1.5 m. After heavy snowfall, the snow is picked up to the trunk, forming mounds. Adult apple trees of the Good News variety have high winter hardiness and withstand frosts down to -35 ° C, but you should not neglect the protection for the winter. Shelter protects the trunk not only from frost pits, through which pathogens and pests fall, but also from rodents that gnaw the bark in the winter. For additional protection against mice and hares, the trunks are wrapped with nylon stockings up to the branches or wrapped with a fine mesh.
Did you know? Almost every second fruit tree in the world is an apple tree.
Diseases and pests of the variety
The variety has immunity from all types of scab, but its resistance to other diseases is average. If the tree is affected by powdery mildew, fruit rot, black cancer or cytosporosis, it is necessary to remove diseased leaves and fruits, clean the affected bark and wood to a healthy layer and spray the branches with Bordeaux liquid, copper sulfate or systemic fungicides (according to the instructions for use). For the prevention of infections, for the winter and early spring, it is necessary to whitewash the trunk and skeletal branches in several layers. Among the insects that infect the variety, the most common are the leafworm, aphid and codling moth. Young trees are most vulnerable to pests. For the timely detection of intruders, they regularly examine the buds and leaves on both sides, cracks in the cortex. Detected insects are collected and destroyed, and apple trees are sprayed with insecticides "Aktara", "Phosphamide" or others.Proper tree care, timely top dressing and watering contribute to maintaining the plant's natural resistance. Subject to proper agricultural practices, often there are enough preventative measures to protect the garden and keep it healthy.
Harvesting and storage
Variety "Good News" begins bearing fruit from 4-5 years of life. Technical maturity occurs at the end of September. Rather than medium, than large, the crop is distinguished by the elegant appearance of apples, almost the same in size. Remove them from the trees carefully, without damaging the wax coating. For bookmarks for storage, damaged fruits are discarded, and full-fledged fruits are laid in several layers in baskets, boxes or other containers made of cardboard, vine or wood.If the layers of fruit are overdone with paper, shavings or sawdust, this will extend the shelf life and isolate perishable fruits from healthy ones. If possible, it is best to wrap each apple in paper to improve safety. The variety has excellent keeping quality and retains its appearance and taste until March-April in cellars or cellars, at a temperature of 0 ... + 1 ⁰С and humidity 80-90%.The young promising variety "Good News" collects only positive reviews. Pleasing with an annual stable harvest, it is considered one of the best winter varieties.