TOP 10 best strawberry varieties in Siberia and their description
Strawberry is a berry that is famous not only for a number of useful properties, but also for its excellent taste. Thanks to the selection work carried out, the culture can be grown in different parts of the world, even in Siberia. Below is a detailed description of the best varieties zoned for cultivation in this geographical area.
What are the best strawberry varieties for Siberia
First of all, it is necessary to choose frost-resistant varieties of berries that can grow at low temperatures. You should also pay attention to the resistance of strawberries to the diseases characteristic of this region: rot of fruits and strawberry mites. Below is a detailed description of the best varieties for growing in Siberia, in addition to Victoria seeds, which is considered the most unpretentious.
Did you know? Strawberries help break down fats and normalize blood sugar.
The variety is classified as mid-season and dessert. Outwardly, it is a compact bush with a small number of mustaches. The foliage is ribbed and large. Peduncles are multiflowered, located at the level of green mass. Fruits of regular conical shape, slightly dulled at the end.
The color is dark red with a glossy surface. The pulp is dense, has a sweet and sour taste with a pronounced aroma of strawberries. The berries are quite large and grow up to 30 g in weight. About 2 kg of strawberries are picked from one bush. Ripening is uniform. Harvested well tolerates transportation, the culture does not crush and does not let the juice.
Important! Strawberry Amulet is not recommended to be planted in the fall, because it will significantly reduce the yield.
Dessert berry, early ripening originally from the city of Iskitim. Recommended for growing under a film. It grows in a compact bush with inflorescences at the level of foliage. Strawberries of medium size, up to 20 g each. Its surface is red and matte. The shape of the berries is round-elongated. The taste is mostly sweet, with a slight acidity. Productivity at the level of 4.2–13 t / ha, depending on cultivation conditions.
An early universal variety of Russian selection. The bush is formed by large pale green leaves and a large number of mustaches. Flower beds rise above the bush. The mass of ripe berries reaches 20 g. About 1.5 kg of strawberries can be removed from one bush. Productivity, in turn, is at the level of 11 t / ha. The fruits are saturated red, the surface is slightly shiny. The shape resembles a cone with a blunt end. The taste is sweet and sour.
The result of the work of Polish breeders, obtained by crossing varieties Senga Sengana and Cavalier. A distinctive feature of Kama strawberries is the color change during ripening, during technical ripeness, the color of the berries is red, and when full, they are burgundy. They grow on well-developed bushes with large dark green foliage.
The mustache variety throws little, but they are quite powerful. The fruits are large, up to 35 g each. The berries are round-rhombic with a pronounced neck. About 1 kg of strawberries is removed from one bush.
Variety of Czech selection, medium early. Has a low and compact bush, inflorescences are located above the leaves. Berries are located quite close, so their shape varies from elongated cone to rectangular, painted in burgundy shades.
Important! They grow Mark under the film, so for Siberia the frost resistance index is insufficient.
One berry weighs about 25 g. From the bush you can remove up to 1.5 kg of strawberries, which spets almost simultaneously. The taste is sweet, the aroma is pronounced. The pulp is quite dry.
The variety was bred in Siberia by crossing strawberries Idun and Novinka. Sings early and is quite resistant to disease. The bush is medium-sized, well leafy, with inflorescences below their level. The berries are pink-red, weighing up to 15 g.They have the shape of a cone with a rounded end. The surface is shiny, with a small amount of seeds that are pressed into the pulp. The latter, in turn, is juicy, dense, with a pleasant sweet and sour taste. The average yield is 10 t / ha.
Variety with early ripening, bred in Russia. The bushes are tall, the green mass is well developed, throws a large number of mustaches. The berries are red and large, but eventually the fruits become smaller. So, the mass of one strawberry of the first crop is 25 g, in the following years it decreases to 10 g. The shape is conical, with a blunt end. The pulp has a dense structure, and the taste is sweet and sour, the aroma is weakly expressed.
Mid-season variety, originally from Novosibirsk. The bush is tall, the foliage is large, there are few rosettes and mustaches. Small berries - 10-15 g. The surface is shiny, dark red. The taste is sweet and sour. Weakly affected by fungal diseases, as well as insects.
A variety of Ukrainian selection that ripens in the medium term. The bush is compact, formed directly and closely growing foliage. Inflorescences grow on the same level with the green part. Fruits in large berries, weighing about 40 g. The shape is round-elongated, the surface is glossy, bright red. The flesh is pale pink, dense and tender. Strawberries have a sweet and sour taste. About 500 g of berries are removed from one bush.
Latvian self-pollinated variety. It grows in a compact bush on which inflorescences form at the level of leaves. The berries are red, have a shiny surface. The mass of one strawberry is within 20 g. They have a strong characteristic aroma. As for the taste, it can be either sweet or sour. With proper care from 1 m², you can collect about 2 kg of berries.
Strawberry planting technology
Culture is planted both in autumn and spring. In the first case, this is the end of April - the first half of May. In the second - the end of July - the beginning of August. It is important that the plant has time to take root before the onset of frost. A sunny place with humus-rich soils is allocated for strawberries. Groundwater should lie as deep as possible, that is, the culture does not tolerate excessive moisture.
Important! It is forbidden to plant strawberries after solanaceous, that is, they have common diseases.
Landing area, must be changed every 3 years. 14 days prior to planting, the soil is dug up, while simultaneously applying organic fertilizers, per each m²:
- chernozem - 1 bucket;
- ash - 500 ml;
- complex mineral fertilizers - 30 g.
Before planting, the soil is loosened to a depth of 20 cm. After that, the soil is moistened. Rows are formed at a distance of 0.8–1 m, and on them are landing holes with an interval of 15–20 cm. Seedlings are placed so that the root neck was flush. In the end, the soil is sprinkled with mulch: peat or humus. When spring planting, shoots are covered with a film.
Rules for the care of strawberries in Siberia
Watering is carried out as the soil dries, so that the soil is moderately moist. Irrigation is considered optimal 2-3 times a week. After which, it is necessary to loosen the soil, which provides oxygen nutrition to the rhizome.
Top dressing begins in early spring, in early May. An ideal solution for this is an aqueous solution of bird droppings, in a ratio of 20: 1, respectively. It is prepared preliminarily, 2-3 days before use. After the ovaries have formed, a solution of rotted manure, prepared per day, is introduced into the soil.
Did you know? A face mask made from fresh strawberry fruits whitens the skin and smoothes out fine wrinkles.
- 300 g compost;
- 10 liters of water.
After harvesting, the soil is enriched with a humus solution prepared in the same proportions as indicated above, with the addition of 30 g of potassium sulfate and superphosphate. It is important to remove the extra mustache and leave only those with which I plan to get a crop. Thus, there will be fewer berries, but they will be larger.
Features of harvesting and storage of crops
Often, technological ripeness of strawberries occurs 4-5 weeks after flowering. When the harvest season sets in, ripe berries must be removed daily. They tear them together with the stem, for convenience, you can use scissors. Stack the crop in flat containers, forming no more than 2-3 layers. Store strawberries in a cool place with a temperature of about 0 ... + 2 ° C. In such conditions, berries can be stored for up to a week.
Did you know? 100 g of strawberries contain 98% of the daily value of vitamin C.